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Origins of the GPEP Model
In 1995, the development of the GPEP Model was initially influenced by medicine’s biopsycholsocial model and a behaviourist model within psychology, the Antecedent Behaviour Consequence (ABC) model. The GPEP model reflects four areas of behavioural influences: psychiatric, physiological, psychosocial, and environmental. These interrelated factors, as defined by the model, trigger or contribute to the cause of behaviours, the consequences of which can negatively impact both the resident and care staff.
Intended Use of the GPEP Model
The GPEP Model takes a comprehensive and holistic perspective to understand the meaning of behaviours, provides a structure to address the causes of behaviour, and supports the development of individualized resident care plans. The model postulates that if we focus our efforts on understanding the meaning behind behaviour and acknowledge the person’s needs, we can develop individualized strategies that target these internal and external influences, minimize negative consequences, and improve the resident’s emotional well-being. Two of GPEP’s underlying principles include:
Causes of behaviour fall into four categories or influences:
As each influence is explored, the cause(s) of the behaviour become evident. Care strategies can then be developed which will diminish the negative consequences of the behaviour.
More detailed information on the GPEP Model can be accessed through the Understanding the GPEP Model power point presentation link.
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©Geropsychiatric Education Program (GPEP), 2010